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Bed Bugs Specification


   (Cimex lectularius)


Bedbugs are small insects active at night and feeding on human blood. They can infest homes and are best adapted to human environment.

Appearance: Adult bedbugs are 4-5 mm (1/8th – 3/16th of an inch) in length, oval, flattened and reddish-brown or purple, wingless with microscopic hairs and well developed antennae on their heads. Newly hatched insects are translucent and pale. Bedbug eggs are 1 mm in length, white and opaque.

Infestation: Quite easy and by chance. Bedbugs can be brought home in luggage or clothing, in second-hand furniture and used cloths. They can be transmitted by wild birds and household pets. Apartment buildings are quickly overrun by insects using pipes and central heating systems. Under favourable conditions and if no control is undertaken a population of bedbugs can grow in a geometric progression.

Habitat: Bedrooms are the most likely location where bedbugs live since they are attracted by body heat and feed on sleeping humans. The insects prefer warm places like beds and their immediate surroundings – bed frames, mattresses, bedroom clutter, carpeting, furniture, inner walls, skirting boards and wallpapers.

Detection: Not difficult, since bedbugs do not move very quickly, can not fly and live in groups. During the daytime, the insects hide in bed frames, tiny crevices, wood holes and mattress seams. They avoid light and are mostly active just before dawn. A close inspection of beds, mattress steams and nearby furniture or fittings should reveal the insects. Their presence can be confirmed by a characteristic pattern of bites they left on the skin after feeding on humans, for example three stings in a row around an ankle or a linear pattern of bites running along blood vessels. Distinct signs indicating a bedbug infestation are clearly visible blackish spots of insect droppings in a bed and unpleasant almond-like smell in the rooms infested.

Health hazards: Bedbugs do not pass diseases, but their bites cause the skin to become severely irritated and inflamed. Swellings and intense itching follow. Anxiety, stress, lack of energy and insomnia are common symptoms of bedbug bites. Particularly, children are in danger. They can even develop acute allergies.

Cleanliness and hygiene: Recommended but insufficient to control the pest since bedbugs are attracted by body heat and exhaled carbon dioxide, not by dirt. They feed on blood, not on waste. The cleanliness of their environment has no effect on their population.

Professional pest control service: Indispensable to control the pest since the visible bedbug infestation never represents the whole pest. The use of insecticides or special equipment is crucial to drive the insects out of their hiding places and to successfully eradicate the pest. After the treatment all bedding and clothes should be washed in very hot water and thoroughly dried. Only a professional treatment guarantees a full eradication of bedbug pest.

Other dangers: Harmful bugs similar to bedbugs often occur in bird’s nests or bat’s roost near human dwellings. They can invade homes and attack people. Professional pest control treatment with insecticides is necessary.

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